Natural fiber silk

What are natural fiber silk and its development

Danh Mục

Natural fiber silk is one of the oldest and most luxurious fabrics in the world. Many civilizations have used natural fiber silk for thousands of years. And it has played a significant role in their development. Several species of insects, notably the silkworm, produce natural fiber silk. The history of trade, fashion, and industry has closely tied to the development of this luxurious and versatile material.

In this article, Ecosilky will explore the history of natural fiber silk, its characteristics, and its significance in various cultures and industries.

1. What is natural fiber silk?

Silkworms, preeminent the domesticated species Bombyx mori, produce natural fiber silk through a process called sericulture. Resulting in a luxurious and versatile material treasured for centuries. Silk’s lustrous appearance, soft feel, and durability have made it a popular choice for various applications. Including clothing, home decor, medical, and industrial purposes.

Natural fiber silk
Silkworms of the species Bombyx mori produce natural fiber silk through sericulture.

2. The origins and development of silk natural fiber

Ancient China traced the origins of silk production where they first domesticated the silkworm over 5000 years ago. For centuries, the Chinese closely guarded the secret of silk production. Making it a highly valuable commodity traded along the Silk Road to Europe and the Middle East.

Origins of silk natural fiber
Natural fiber silk.

Silk production involves feeding the silkworms with mulberry leaves until they spin a cocoon made of a single long strand of silk fiber. To harvest the silk, people boil the cocoons in water to kill the silkworms and dissolve the natural glue that holds the cocoon together. They then carefully unwind the silk fibers from the cocoon and spin them into thread or yarn, which they can weave into fabric.

Over time, silk production techniques have evolved and improved, but the basic process has remained largely the same. Many countries around the world produce silk today, and some of the largest producers are China, India, and Thailand. The natural properties of silk make it a highly desirable fiber for use in clothing, bedding, and other textiles. And its popularity is likely to continue for many years to come.

If you’re looking to purchase natural fabric or products made from this material, explore Ecosilky’s collection today for a wide range of options.

3. The art of silk natural fibres production

Silk production is a complex process that requires skill, patience, and attention to detail. The art of silk production begins with the cultivation of the silkworms, which are carefully bred and fed a diet of fresh mulberry leaves. The worms then spin cocoons made of a single strand of silk fiber, which can be up to 900 meters long.

After harvesting the cocoons, people soak them in hot water to dissolve the glue that holds the cocoon together. This process, known as degumming, separates the silk fibers from the rest of the cocoon. Producers wash the silk fibers and spin them into thread, which they can then dye, weave, or knit into various fabrics.

Cocoons are soaked in hot water.
People soak cocoons in hot water.

The weaving of silk fabric is also an art in itself. Skilled weavers use traditional looms to create intricate patterns and designs, often incorporating gold or silver thread to add a touch of luxury. Manufacturers can weave silk into various fabrics, such as satin, crepe, chiffon, and organza, each of which has its own distinctive texture and drape.

Workers are weaving silk fabric.
Skilled weavers use looms to create intricate patterns.

Artisans can use various techniques to enhance the beauty of silk fabrics in addition to weaving. They can create stunning silk garments and accessories by employing decorative techniques such as embroidery, beading, and printing.

Silk production is not only an art, but also an important industry that provides livelihoods for millions of people around the world. From the cultivation of the mulberry trees to the spinning of the silk fibers and the weaving of the final fabric, the production of silk is a labor-intensive process that requires the skill and expertise of many artisans.

4. The properties of silk natural fibre

Silk is a natural fiber with unique properties that make it highly valued in the textile industry. Here are some of the key properties of silk:

Natural silk fibers.
The properties of silk natural fibre.
  • Softness: Silk is known for its soft, smooth texture, which feels luxurious against the skin.
  • Strength: Despite its delicate appearance, silk is surprisingly strong, making it highly durable and resistant to tearing or ripping.
  • Luster: Silk has a natural sheen that gives it a beautiful, luxurious appearance.
  • Lightweight: Silk is a lightweight fabric that drapes beautifully, making it ideal for flowing garments like dresses, skirts, and scarves.
  • Breathable: Silk is highly breathable, which means it allows air to circulate and prevents overheating.
  • Moisture-wicking: Silk is naturally moisture-wicking, which means it absorbs moisture and sweat from the skin, helping to keep the wearer cool and dry.
  • Hypoallergenic: Silk is hypoallergenic, which means it is unlikely to cause an allergic reaction or irritate sensitive skin.
  • Easy to care for: Silk is relatively easy to care for, and can be washed by hand or in the washing machine using a gentle detergent.

5. Characteristics of the silk natural fibres

Silk natural fibers have several characteristics that make them unique and highly desirable in the textile industry. Here are some of the key characteristics of silk:

Types of natural fiber silk
Silk fibers possess multiple unique characteristics.
  • Fine texture: Natural fiber silk is very fine, with a diameter of about 10-25 microns, making them one of the finest natural fibers.
  • Smooth and lustrous: Silk fibers have a smooth surface that reflects light, giving the fabric a natural sheen and luster.
  • Strong and durable: Natural fiber silk is strong and durable, with a tensile strength that is comparable to that of steel of the same diameter.
  • Lightweight: Natural fiber silk is lightweight and has a low density, making silk fabrics comfortable to wear and easy to drape.
  • Moisture-absorbent: Natural fiber silk can absorb up to 30% of their weight in moisture without feeling damp. Making them ideal for warm climates or for people who tend to sweat.
  • Hypoallergenic: Silk is naturally hypoallergenic and resistant to dust mites, making it a good choice for people with allergies or sensitive skin.
  • Easy to dye: Silk fibers are easy to dye, and can be dyed in a wide range of colors without losing their luster or softness.

6. Types of silk fibres

Silk is a luxurious and highly prized natural fiber that comes in different types, each with its own unique characteristics. Some of the most common types of silk fibers include mulberry silk, tussah silk, eri silk, muga silk, anaphe silk, and spider silk. Mulberry silk is the most commonly used type of silk and is known for its fine texture and luster.

Types of silk fibres
Silk is a luxurious natural fiber that comes in various types.

Tussah silk is coarser than mulberry silk and has a natural beige color. Eri silk has a soft, nubby texture and a natural golden color. Muga silk is one of the most expensive types of silk and has a lustrous golden color. Each type of silk can be used for different types of fabrics and applications depending on its properties and characteristics.

To gain a deeper understanding of the various types of silk fibres, explore further details on the subject.

7. Uses of silk fiber

Silk is a luxurious and versatile material that has been treasured for centuries, and it has many uses in various industries. One of the most well-known uses of silk is in the fashion industry, where it is used to create high-end clothing, such as dresses, blouses, and scarves.

Silk fiber
Silk fiber has many uses in our daily live.

However, silk is also used in many other applications, such as home decor, medical, and industrial purposes. Additionally, silk’s unique properties, such as its moisture-wicking and hypoallergenic qualities, make it an ideal material for bedding and other products that come in close contact with the skin.

For further information on the applications and uses of silk fiber, you can read more here.

8. Advantages and disadvantages of natural fiber silk

8.1. Advantages of natural fiber silk

  • Softness: Silk is known for its softness and luxurious feel, making it a popular choice for high-end clothing and bedding.
  • Luster: Silk has a natural luster that gives it a unique shine and sheen. It can add an elegant touch to any fabric or product.
  • Breathability: Silk is a breathable fabric that allows air to circulate, making it comfortable to wear in any season.
  • Hypoallergenic: Silk is naturally hypoallergenic and can be a good choice for people with sensitive skin or allergies.
  • Moisture-wicking: Silk can absorb moisture and wick it away from the skin, helping to keep the body cool and dry.
  • Durable: Silk is a strong and durable fabric that can last for many years with proper care.

8.2. Disadvantages of natural fiber silk

  • Expensive: Silk is a luxury material that can be expensive, making it out of reach for many people.
  • Delicate: Silk is a delicate fabric that can be easily damaged by heat, sunlight, and chemicals. It requires careful handling and cleaning.
  • Stains easily: Silk is prone to staining and may be difficult to remove stains without damaging the fabric.
  • Weak when wet: Silk loses much of its strength when wet, which can make it difficult to handle and care for.
  • Creases easily: Silk can crease and wrinkle easily, requiring ironing or steaming to maintain a smooth appearance

9. Natural fiber silk care: Dos and don’ts


  • Handwash: Washing silk by hand is the best way to clean it, as a washing machine can easily damage the delicate fabric. Use a gentle detergent and cool water, and avoid scrubbing or wringing the fabric.
  • Use a silk-specific detergent: Use a detergent specifically designed for silk fabrics to avoid damaging the fibers.
  • Air dry: Hang silk clothing to air dry, away from direct sunlight, as heat and UV rays can damage the fibers.
  • Iron on a low heat setting: If necessary, iron silk on a low heat setting while it is still damp, or use a steamer to remove wrinkles.
  • Store carefully: Store silk clothing in a cool, dry place. And avoid hanging them in direct sunlight or near sources of heat.


  • Don’t bleach: Never use bleach or any harsh chemicals on silk, as they can damage the fibers and cause discoloration.
  • Don’t wring or twist: Avoid twisting or wringing silk fabric, as it can cause it to lose its shape and texture.
  • Don’t expose to direct sunlight: Avoid exposing silk to direct sunlight, as it can cause it to fade and weaken over time.
  • Don’t use hot water: Do not use hot water to wash silk, as it can cause shrinkage and damage the fibers.
  • Don’t rub stains: Never rub stains on silk fabric, as it can cause damage to the fibers. Instead, blot the stain gently with a clean cloth.

Ecosilky hopes the information provided above has helped increase your understanding of natural fiber silk. If you are interested in purchasing natural fabrics or products made from them, please feel free to contact us at (+84) 704 899 089.